British Sign Language (BSL) is the first language of deaf people in the UK. There has been an enormous increase in the numbers of hearing people learning BSL in recent years. In 2009 there were an estimated 190,000 hearing adults who had learned at least basic level BSL. Hearing adults learn BSL as a second language for a hobby or personal and professional reasons. However we know almost nothing about how hearing adults learn to sign and whether it differs to learning a spoken second.
Coinciding with the anniversary of the Charter of the Forest, my Early Career Fellowship brings attention back to the definitional acts of British forests and woodlands. Forests have always been notoriously tricky to define (take Dante: ‘Ah me! how hard a thing it is to say / what was this forest savage’).
Degenerative musculoskeletal conditions are common. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent, affecting over eight million people in the UK. The condition leaves patients suffering with pain, deformity and disability. This has a significant impact on their activities of daily living.
We need to save our soil if we want to grow food, have clean water and sustainably recycle wastes but the relationship between soil and us is deteriorating. How can we provide the public with a thorough understanding of the vital importance of soil for humanity? BeSa will give us an artistic answer to this urgent question.
Japan is famous for its long and unusual archaeological record and in particular the so-called Jomon cultures which lasted from around 10,000 years ago until the importation of rice-agriculture only 3,000 years ago. During this period no animals were domesticated and only a small range of plants were cultivated (but not domesticated) and this contrasts with most other areas of the world, including all Europeans.
Recent activity at the Santorini volcano suggests magma is currently accumulating a few kilometres below surface. My study aims to constrain the volume and location of melt beneath this volcano, using a high-resolution imaging technology that has been developed for petroleum exploration.
The Earth has a bimodal surface elevation reflecting the contrasting chemical and mechanical properties of the continental and oceanic crust. The oceanic crust is dense, unstable, and recycled back into the mantle within 200 Myr through plate tectonics, whereas the continental crust – due to its lower density – tends to remain at the Earth’s surface, recording each step of our planet's evolution. For billions of years the continental crust has evolved to form the environment we live in and the resources we depend on, and yet how and when it formed remain a great matter of debate.
Salvaged in 1982, the Mary Rose provides an unprecedented insight into Tudor society and technology. Although the low oxygen environment underwater helped to preserve the wood, interactions with bacteria, sea-water salts and sulfur compounds have and can continue to damage and degrade the wood structure. Whilst buried under the seabed, hydrogen sulfide formed by sulfur reducing bacteria migrated into the wood. This reacted with iron ions, from corroded fixtures, to form iron sulfides.
Since the Spanish conquest of the Incas, the social and economic fortunes of artisans in Ecuador have been influenced by changing national and international circumstances. From the colonial period, through independence and the liberal revolution to the mid-twentieth century, when Ecuador became the world’s largest banana exporter, artisans have been an important part of the country’s political economy.