During my Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship I will be exploring early medieval stone sculpture of the Insular world (present day Ireland and Britain) and how it is an interconnected medium.
Outside the fascist period, Italy had one of the highest rates of industrial conflict in twentieth-century Europe. Though there is no shortage of books on the subject, most of the scholarship has primarily focussed on reasons and on the role of organised parties/trade unions. Very little attention has been paid to forms, symbols, meanings and rituals, and cultures of contention.
Global history is a popular and expanding field, which seeks both to understand better the connectivity between human cultures, and to understand better individual human cultures through comparison with others. The connective and comparative global study of ancient cultures has, however, traditionally been focussed on the dynamics of empires (e.g. the Roman and Chinese Han Empires); the economics of connective trade routes (most famously the Silk Roads); and the comparative study of particular disciplines within different cultures (e.g.
"The trace is the appearance of nearness, however far removed the thing that left it behind may be. The aura is the appearance of a distance, however close the thing that calls it forth. In the trace, we gain possession of the thing; in the aura, it takes possession of us." Walter Benjamin.
This project is essentially about human traces, and how these are evoked and recorded in different ways that evolve gradually.
Adhesion has a variety of uses in nature. Many organisms attach permanently to surfaces, as climbing plants and barnacles do. Adhesion helps some creatures to get around, for example in the case of the feet of geckos and various insects. Some, such as salamanders and sea cucumbers, use glue as a defence against predators, while others such as spiders and velvet worms use it as a means of attack. Some even use adhesion during reproduction. But despite its frequent appearance in nature and ecological importance to the organisms that use it, biological adhesion remains poorly understood.